Weft vs Warp knitting

Weft vs Warp knitting are the technological terms representing the two different types of knitting which we can perform either by using knitting machines or by hands. Earlier, people used to do knitting by hands, but at present, we carry out this process by employing the latest advanced machines. We usually come across these technical terms when we are discussing machine knitting. When we talk about these two techniques, then we most commonly refer to the width and length of the thread as well as the no. of needles used during the procedures. There are several dissimilarities between weft knitting and warp knitting technologies, and in this blog, we are going to share those differences with you to expand your knowledge of the ancient art of knitting.

Weft vs Warp knitting are two entirely different knitting techniques. The most evident disparity present between these two technologies is that in weft knitting yarn runs back and forth, whereas, in the warp knitting process, the yarn runs up and down. As the movement of yarn is different in both of these methods; therefore, the finished products that we are going to get after carrying out these two procedures will also be dissimilar to each other.  For example, by performing weft knitting, we will get shaped as well as highly drapeable garments, but after warp knitting method, we will be able to manufacture only coarse yardage.

Weft Knitting

We can perform the technique of weft knitting both by using hands as well as by utilizing a knitting machine. Our company is a prime knitting machine manufacturer in Ludhiana and supply high-quality devices to our clients. In this type of knitting, we employ a continuous yarn to form courses and loops in the fabric.  By using this technique, we can manufacture fabric yardage as well as shaped garments like circular fabrics.  As in weft knitting, we make use of one continuous thread for creating a finished product; therefore, the knit is very hard to untie. We commonly use this procedure for generating very thin and elastic fabrics.  The stuff manufactured by this technology is more likely to shrink than that of the fabric created by utilizing warp knitting; therefore, it will be better to wash and dry these clothes with hands rather than in a machine. In terms of finished products, weft knitting offers many more options, but this method is complicated to perform and takes a longer time to complete.

While carrying out the method of weft knitting, we can employ the following three types of fundamental stitches –

  • Plain stitch
  • Rib stitch
  • Purl stitch

This knitting method helps us to create many classic knitting looks and is more likely the choice of hand knitters.

Warp Knitting

For carrying out the procedure of warp knitting, we have to employ knitting machines. Our company is a leading knitting machine manufacturer in Ludhiana, and we supply superior quality machines to our clients offer high durability. This technique of knitting is much simpler and faster than weft knitting due to which the manufacturers utilize it for generating commercial knitting fabrics. Another benefit which warp knitting offers to us is that we can easily wash the finished fabric obtained from this technology in a machine without any risk of shrinkage.

Unlike weft knitting, in this method, each needle utilizes its loop of yarn on the knitting machine to form parallel rows which finally get interlocked with the loops to form a knitted fabric just like we find in the stores. We can use the technology of warp knitting only for producing fabric yardage rather than creating shaped and fitted garments. By employing this procedure, we can generate huge widths of fabric. The fabrics created using warp knitting are generally coarse, and thicker than those formed by utilizing weft knitting.

For carrying out this method, we can use the below-mentioned six stitches:

  • Tricot stitch employed for creating fabrics which are soft and less prone to creases.
  • Raschel stitch for generating nets, veils, and laces.
  • Crochet knit, which is a fundamental hand-crochet stitch.
  • Simplex knit, which is pretty dense and thick.
  • Milanese stitch which we utilize for producing the rib pattern on the fabric.
  • Ketten Raschel knit, which provides a raised pattern on the garment.

The terms warp, and weft knitting commonly refers to the machine knit fabrics, but we can also use them to describe some of the hand-knit pieces. As mentioned above, we can carry out the method of weft knitting both on machines as well as by using hands.  If someone is working in the knitting industry, then it becomes essential for that person to know these terms in detail as that can help him to choose the correct technique required for completing his project, because both of these procedures result in entirely different fabrics.  If you want to create a thin as well as more elastic fabric, then you must go with the method of weft knitting. However, if you require a fabric that can go in the washing machine, then, in that case, warp knitting will give you the desired finished product that you might be looking.  If you are manufacturing commercial knitting fabrics then whichever way you choose to fulfill your venture, it is crucial for you to know the basic differences present between weft and warp knitting technique so that you can perform the project as planned.


Difference between warp and weft knitting:


Our company Bharat Machinery Works is a chief supplier as well as knitting machine manufacturer in Ludhiana. We not only offer superb knitting devices to our customers but we also believe in timely delivery of machines. Our machines incorporated with latest advanced features yield maximum output. So, contact our firm for your every requirement of knitting machines.


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